(iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] The Delhi Agreement on the Re-establishment of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government. [9] [10] [11] Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US President`s assertion that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue „bilateral“ to „discuss India and Pakistan,“ the focus has shifted again to previous „bilateral agreements,“ whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to „end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.“ He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [3] As part of this agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from any threat and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. [4] The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. The agreement was agreed upon and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh.

The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations.